On September 12th, the ‘2017 Korea International Modern Dance Competition’ finals were held at the Main Hall of the Cheonan Arts Center. One of Dankook’s own students, Xu Mengxuan (徐梦璇), were among the winners at this event which is one of the most prestigious competitions in Korea. Xu Mengxuan, a Chinese student in Dankook’s Graduate School (PhD) program took 4th place and received a special award. Xu, who started majoring in Chinese traditional dance since she was 16, joined Dankook’s Graduate School program (master’s program) to switch to modern dance in 2015. As modern dance is not widespread in China yet, Xu decided to come to Korea and applied to Dankook University which boasts with leading faculty and a strong curriculum. Her decision was a success. Along with the university’s support and her own personal efforts, Xu placed her name on the list of winners in an international competition only 2 years after changing her major. Prior to the Korea International Modern Dance Competition, Xu also placed first in the ‘Czech Brno Conservatory Dance Competition’ and received a participation award at the ‘22nd Korean Modern Dance Competition,’ not to mention taking the special award at the Chugye School of Arts National Dance Competition on the 17th. Xu said that “it was tough at first as Chinese dance is about expressing external images while modern dance is more about expressing what is inside your heart” and added that “but, DKU’s department of dance offers a lot of opportunities to actually take the stage at places such as the Arts Center and Seoul Art Center which made it easier for me to learn quickly.” In addition, “professors Heajung Kim and Eunsun Lee taught me how to express myself through modern dance which helped me gain confidence, and I was touched by how professor Kim looked after me like her own daughter, even taking me to jjimjilbang, the Korean bathhouse, during the holidays knowing I was here in Korea alone without my family.” She also commented that not only the academic program, but also Dankook’s overall system such as dormitories, scholarship benefits and student services provided a convenient environment for foreign students studying overseas and made it possible for her to solely concentrate on practicing dance. Thanks to this, the number of foreign students in the department increased from four when Xu first entered the graduate program to currently around 20 students. Xu says that she would like to realize a greater dream through Dankook. “Based on what I learned and experienced here at Dankook, I want to promote the beauty of modern dance in China. Just like what I learned from my professors, I would like to be a warm and caring teacher to students of my own someday.”
Chinese students who completed their doctorate program at Dankook University are returning to their home country in glory, having been appointed as professors to universities in China. >> Mr. Liu Wenchoa (left) and Ms. Lan Ruixia (right) Mr. Liu Wenchao and Ms. Lan Ruixia, who graduated from the Department of Animal Resource Science’s doctorate program last August, were appointed as assistant professors to China’s Guangdong Ocean University. After receiving their master’s degrees from China’s Sichuan Agricultural University back in 2015, the two now Dankook alumni chose to come to Korea to study and work along the research team of Prof. Inho Kim who is a world renowned scholar in the field of animal resources science. While working as a part of Prof. Kim’s team, the two Chinese students displayed passion for their studies as they actively took part in the university’s industry-academia joint research initiatives and had 10 or more papers published in international academic journals, each respectively. In particular, Dankook University supported the students studying overseas by extending scholarships for their 2-year tuition and living expenses. Mr. Liu and Ms. Lan made great research progress throughout the 30 months at Dankook to graduate and both be appointed as professors at Guangdong Ocean University in China. >> Prof. Inho Kim Mr. Liu Wenchao said that “(I) had no difficulty in researching and studying at Dankook thanks to the outstanding research infrastructure and active industry-academia partnerships. As I return to my home country, I will focus on teaching students at university and continue to make exchange opportunities with DKU.”
The ‘7th DKU Edu Fair’ hosted by Dankook University’s Office of Admissions was held amid strong support from prospective students and parents. The fair was held at the DKU Jukjeon Campus gymnasium on Saturday, August 19th under the theme ‘Spread your Wings of Dreams’ with 28 universities from around the nation including Ajou University, Inha University and Hankuk University of Foreign Studies also participating. The fair contributed to lowering private consulting fees by offering ‘admissions counseling’ tailored to individual students, as well as providing information on the different admissions programs by university. In addition, details on how to prepare for student record screening admissions and other strategies were shared through consultation with admissions officers and officials. Students from Dankook University’s departments of journalism, architectural engineering, mechanical engineering and chemical engineering set up an ‘experience booth’ for visitors to experience activities related to each respective major. At the Cheonan Campus, the fair was held earlier on August 10th with a total 74 universities and 11 colleges from around the country attending including Chung-Ang University and the University of Seoul. The university and college section offered PR material on each school and admissions counseling while at the consultation section, 50 professional college admission counselors met one-on-one with students and parents to provide guidance on the rolling admissions program and potential career paths. The special lecture section held various lectures on topics such as ‘successful strategy for writing essays’ and ‘rolling admissions strategy for the metropolitan and Chungcheong province’ aimed at students, parents and teachers. Thirteen departments from Dankook University including the departments of psychotherapy, healthcare administration and Marine Corps military studies, and four major programs from Konyang University including its Military Science and Police Administration College and department of cyber security engineering offered career experience programs filled with lectures and opportunities to get an upfront look at different majors.
The 2017 Danmoon scholarship awards ceremony was held at the Jukjeon Campus on August 24th. Marking its 27th year, a total 20 million KRW was handed out to 20 students who received 1 million KRW in scholarships, each respectively. The Danmoon scholarship was formed by the Dankook Alumni Association to encourage studies and foster the next generation of Dankook students who embody the Dankook spirit of challenge and creativity. DKU and the Danmoon Scholarship Foundation select exemplary students as recipients. Starting with 12 million KRW in 1991, approximately 650 million KRW has been given to 770 students throughout the years. Chairman Seokki Yoon of the Danmoon Scholarship Foundation expressed his sincere congratulations to the students who received the scholarship and shared his hopes for them to become “talent who will go on to make remarkable achievements with pride as Dankookians in the age of the fourth industrial revolution.”
Dankook University students who took part in a ‘Grand March across the Korean Peninsula’ to commemorate the university’s 70th anniversary, completed the 400km journey without even a single member dropping out from the 9-day walk (July 6-14). Under the slogan ‘Trail of reunification, the trail of independence,’ members of the grand march followed the footsteps of independence activist Bumjeong Jang Hyung, who founded Dankook University during Japanese colonial rule, and his fellow patriots in order to relive the true meaning of loving one’s country. A kickoff ceremony was held on July 6th at the DKU Cheonan Campus where the 140 participants gathered to respectively take buses to travel to the two starting locations of Imjingak in Paju, Gyeonggi Province and Busan. The march started in straight lines with members holding specially made flags in their hands, guarded by ambulances and safety patrols to ensure safety. Spirits were high as students felt pride in following the trail of Dankook’s founder who took part in Korea’s independence movement. However, it was not an easy journey. What started off with a couple of raindrops soon became a downpour of 40mm per hour that held the groups back from moving forward, and scorching temperatures peaking at 37 degrees Celsius at times placed greater weight on their shoulders. As blisters got wet due to the rain, students having difficulty putting their shoes on continuously appeared, but they encouraged each other and supported each other to go on. On July 13th, one day before the final day of the march, Professor Sijun Han (Department of History, Director of the Academy of Asian Studies) gave a lecture on ‘the independence movement and Dankook University’ at the DKU Cheonan Campus. Professor Han said that “there are not many universities in Korea that can proudly present their history,” and added that “the founder’s noble thinking that following liberation, the purpose of education is to build the nation and complete the thinking of our people has been deeply instilled in Dankook University.” On July 14th, the final day of the march, the Imjingak team and Busan team met at the Independence Hall of Korea (located in Mokcheon-eup, Dongnam-gu, Cheonan) after their 9-day journey. The Imjingak team walked a total 193km passing through Paju, Seoul, Yongin and Ansung while the Busan team marched a total 200km across Busan, Gimcheon, Daejeon and Cheongju. In order to encourage the members of the Grand March and support them, 60 faculty members including DKU President Hosung Chang, the university’s vice presidents, administrators, professors and employees also joined in on the march. Finally, both teams arrived at the Independence Hall at 2pm, overwhelmed and cheering as they announced the end of their march by throwing their caps up into the air. President Hosung Chang said that “it was a long and tough journey, but even the notorious heat wave couldn’t stop the passion of our students who handed in their summer break to take this challenge,” and went on to say that “as a Korean private university that was concerned for Korea’s independence during Japanese colonial rule, I hope this will serve as another opportunity to promote the purpose of Dankook University’s founding.”
Bizentro Co., LTD donated 50 copies of its ERP software ‘UNIERP 5.5,’ which is worth 200 million KRW, to Dankook University. A dedication ceremony was held on July 3rd at the Jukjeon campus with DKU Vice President for External Affairs Daeshik Kang, Dean Seungcheol Yoon of the College of Business, professor Seung-heui Sohn, Bizentro CEO Hong-keun Kim and the company’s Vice President Cheolhwan Bae attending. ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning), a system that integrates and manages all business activities that take place across the business enterprise starting from production and logistics to accounting and sales, is widely introduced by companies aiming to maximize productivity. Universities are also opening ERP courses mostly in business and economics departments as demand for ERP specialists increases from corporations. The donation is expected to contribute to sharpening the competitive edge of Dankook University’s School of Business. Providing hands-on practice to the ‘Enterprise Resource Management’ course in the business administration program will enable more systematic and professional education for students.
Undaunted by failure, successful entrepreneur shares his support for alma mater SLB Korea’s Ju-bak Chung donates 100 million KRW On June 27th, Dankook University alumni Ju-bak Chung (freshman class of ’78, Department of Korean Language and Literature), CEO of SLB Korea, presented an agreement to donate 100 million KRW at the DKU President’s office at the Jukjeon Campus. The donation will be made by adding 20 million KRW to the University Development Fund every year for 5 years. DKU officials including DKU President Hosung Chang, Executive Vice President for External Affairs Daeshik Kang, Dean Dong-seob Song of the DKU Business School and SLB Korea CEO Ju-bak Chung attended the Development Fund ceremony. The ceremony was modest and held in a comfortable atmosphere where Chung shared stories about his journey to becoming a successful businessman. Chung never gave up despite endless failures along the way. He started off selling fruit from a 1 ton pickup truck and then went into the grocery business, opened an accessory shop, gimbap store and even a bakery before finally entering the sandwich business in 1996. Endless efforts and research afterwards brought him to where he is today – the CEO of a well-known franchise with 2 brands, 15 merchants nationwide and a 2,500 pyong factory. Chung said that “there have been many hardships and suffering, but thanks to wonderful teachers, I was able to graduate from college and gain the strength to pursue my business,” and added that “it is truly worthwhile to be able to make a small contribution to my alma mater. If the opportunity is given, I would like to continuously provide support (to the university).”
Donation of 738 Chinese titles in humanities, social studies and law; DKU President Hosung Chang delivers a plaque of appreciation to ambassador Qiu Guohong (邱国洪) Ambassador Qiu expresses hopes “to contribute to the advancement and exchanges between Korea and China, as well as Dankook University’s high quality education” The Chinese Embassy in Korea donated 738 books to Dankook University as part of the Chinese government’s culture project which donates books to renowned universities and institutions in Korea. The Chinese Embassy stated its understanding of “the historic importance that Dankook University carries as the first four-year private college in Korea following the country’s liberalization,” and added that it has been “deeply impressed by DKU’s research in oriental studies and education for arts as Dankook University has contributed to the advance of high quality education and bilateral exchanges between Korea and China” to explain the purpose behind the donation. The humanities, social studies and law books in Chinese are currently housed at the DKU Toegye Memorial Library. On Wednesday, June 7th, Dankook University invited Chinese ambassador Qiu Guohong to express gratitude and deliver an appreciation plaque for the book donation. DKU President Hosung Chang said that “Dankook University currently has exchanges with Yantai University and Jingdezhen Ceramic Institute in China and would like to extend our areas of joint research to traditional arts and costume of our two countries.” In addition, he shared that “Peking University wishes to benchmark Dankook’s knowhow in industry-academia partnerships. There have been some difficulties due to deteriorating ties between Korea and China recently, but we believe active exchanges will be possible soon as relations are improving.” Chinese ambassador Qiu Guohong said “(we) thank you for providing outstanding education to Chinese students studying in Korea and would like to continue to donate books to Dankook University going forward,” and went on to say that “if you request the titles the school needs, we will find the right book for donation.” Ambassador Qiu also expressed his expectations for restoring Korean-China relations saying, “Our bilateral relations are moving in a positive direction since the launch of the new administration in Korea. The education sector involving foreign students studying abroad are especially an area that can help us enhance our mutual understanding.”
‘The Seeds of Violence,’ a film from the graduate class of Dankook’s Graduate School of Cinematic Contents (DGC), was awarded the grand prize in the Korean competition division of the 18th Jeonju International Film Festival. ‘The Seeds of Violence’ depicts a day in the life of the main character who is a victim of abuse within the military when he goes on leave with the rest of his platoon. It shows common violence found within military organizations and how the main character tries to deal with it. The film also draws attention to how violence can penetrate people’s minds and was praised for raising awareness that violence is not a matter that can be tackled by a single individual. This film holds special meaning, especially because it is the collaborative work of DGC students. Director Im Taegyu (5th graduate class), producer Park Hae-oh (5th graduate class) and screenwriter Moon Gwangbaek (5th graduate class) were in charge of the overall production of the film. DGC extended 50 million KRW to support film production costs while professors offered first-hand guidance starting from the screenplay development stages to extend full-support for students to express their artistic creativity through cinematic production. Director Im Taegyu explained that “being able to have students majoring in directing, producing and screenplay writing work together to produce a film is one of the unique features and advantages of DGC,” and added that “[we] were able to create a great production by complementing each other’s strengths and relying on each other with a shared purpose.”
■Selected for project which supports universities contributing to high school education, DKU scheduled to receive 1.21 billion KRW in financial support Dankook University has been selected for the ‘2017 support project for universities contributing to high school education.’ Dankook University has been among the participants of the project for four consecutive years since it kicked off in 2014 and will receive 1.21 billion KRW in support this year alone. DKU has received a total 5.17 billion KRW during the last four years, which is the fifth largest amount in support received among universities in Korea. The support project for universities contributing to high school education is a program where the Korean Council for University Education extends assistance to universities that operate college admissions focused on high school education and strengthen admission related capabilities such as increasing admissions officers. The Korean Council for University Education selected universities for this program last year and decided to support them for two years. Since the end of the program in 2016, a reassessment was carried out this year taking into account ▲current state of college admissions ▲conditions and improvement plans ▲alignment with middle and high school education, and ▲efforts to strengthen college admission programs. Despite the bottom 10 ranking universities, including some well-known universities, on the list from last year failed to make this year’s list, Dankook University performed well in the 2017 evaluation and will continue to carry out a stable high school education-oriented college admission program. ■Selected as a leading university for K-MOOC and to open outstanding courses online Dankook University has been selected for the ‘2017 Korean Massive Open Online Course (K-MOOC)’ program. The K-MOOC program hosted by the Ministry of Education and the National Institute for Lifelong Education opens outstanding university lectures on the internet to provide the general public with the opportunity to benefit from higher education. Dankook University will open 8 courses focused on the university’s specialization programs for IT (Information Technology), CT (Culture Technology) and BT (Bio Technology) starting this year until 2019. ‘Training insight through design thinking’ (professors Tae-hyung Kim and Eung-gyo Suh) and ‘A school that shares growth: Guidelines for supporting learning for those with disabilities’ (professors Gyeung-keun Han and Seung-suk Choi (Gangnam University)) are the courses that will be set up this year. In 2018~2019, a total eight courses including ‘VR/AR based interactive storytelling,’ ‘Understanding and using ICT convergent smart farms,’ ‘Understanding Korean traditional dress’ and ‘R programming’ will be offered to the public.
In the ‘2016 emergency medical services institution (EMS) evaluation’ results recently announced by the Ministry of Health and Welfare, Dankook University Hospital (Director Park Woo-Seong) received the ‘most outstanding’ grade, ranking number one among 414 EMS centers including 18 district emergency centers reviewed. Dankook University Hospital received high scores for most criteria including ER patient satisfaction, appropriateness of assigned physicians, patient transfers, percentage of beds filled, credibility of information on hospital beds, and stance in disaster support to reach the leading position in the nation. The Dankook University Hospital District Emergency Center has worked closely with district trauma centers and doctor helicopter to provide professional treatment and systematic medical services to critical trauma and cardio-cerebrovascular patients by transferring them for treatment within the golden hour. An official of the Ministry of Health and Welfare said that “the top ranking medical institutions including Dankook University Hospital increased the rate of offering final treatment to severe emergency patients, boasted of strong cooperative systems between medical departments, and all have an excellent ER operation and management system to safely transfer emergency patients to other medical institutions, when necessary.”
Dankook University has been selected for the Leaders in Industry-university Cooperation+ (hereinafter LINC+) business led by the Ministry of Education and the National Research Foundation of Korea. Participating in the LINC+ project is expected to serve as an opportunity for DKU to share the knowhow and skills it has acquired over the years in industry-academia partnerships with other businesses and communities, and cascade it across academic systems and the education sector in general. Under the vision for ‘Co-development of University ‧Businesses ‧Community through open industry-academia partnership 4.0,’ Dankook University has set the following four aspirations; ▶Cradle for fostering convergent talent fit for the 4th industrial revolution ▶World’s leading 4th industrial revolution cluster ▶Central engine for development of local industries and economy ▶Core platform for revival of local communities In order to achieve such goals, the SUN (‘線’, Society-University Network) platform will also be implemented. Specialized programs will be operated for across disciplines by building the Jeong Yakyong Park (Education), Edison Park (Startups), Family Park (Industry Partnerships) and Athens Park (Community Partnerships). The ‘Dasan Linc School,’ a college focused on industry-academia partnerships, will be established within the Jeong Yakyong Park while four industry partnership centers including the Wearables Industry Center will be set up within the Family Park to play the backbone role in industry-academia cooperation. In addition, advanced education programs such as field practice sessions, internships and capstone design will be operated while the university’s intellectual property, high-end equipment, labs and research rooms will be open to businesses and the local community to encourage synergy creation starting at the university. Last month, Dankook University was also selected for the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning’s ‘2017 SW-focused University project.’ In 2018, DKU will accordingly set up a ‘SW Convergence College’ in March 2018 and plans to open a ‘SW Convergence Division.’ The SW Convergence Division is scheduled to offer majors in ‘SW Convergence Bio,’ ‘SW Convergence Architecture IT,’ ‘SW Convergence Cinematic Contents,’ ‘SW Economy and Business Administration’ and ‘SW Convergence Autonomous Driving.’ A software convergence department will also be established in the graduate school to create an education and research foundation that connects undergraduate and graduate programs together. Efforts will also be made to attract outstanding SW talent. Beginning in the 2019 academic year, a new program for SW talent will be introduced to recruit 20% of the SW Convergence College student admission capacity. Six tailored scholarships such as the SW prospects scholarship, merit-based SW scholarship, SW convergence scholarship, industry-academia partnership scholarship, graduate school prospect scholarship and globalization scholarship, as well as a special international scholarship are planned to be offered. DKU President Chang Hosung said that “universities must take on the challenge of preparing for the fourth industrial revolution. (We) must build an academic system fit for the future that preserves the dignity of universities as an intellectual ivory tower while also reflecting current times,” and added that “the designation as a university for industry-academia partnerships and software focus will serve as a starting point for DKU to nurture talent with challenging spirits who can lead our future.”
Dankook University’s Academy of Asian Studies (Director and Professor Han Sijun) and Nankai University’s Korea Research Center hosted an international conference on ‘Studying the past and present of Sino-Korean relations’ on March 19th at the School of History at Nankai University in Tianjin, China. The academic conference was held to celebrate the opening of the Korea Research Center at Nankai University and promote active research exchanges between the two institutions in the form of meetings and research projects. Three presenters and two discussants representing Dankook University, and 11 presenters and six discussants from Nankai University participated in the conference which consisted of four sessions; ‘Sino-Korean Relations in Ancient History’, ‘Nationalism and Historical Studies’, ‘Sino-Korean Relations in Modern History’ and ‘Sino-Korean Relations in Literature.’ "Studying the past and present of Sino-Korean relations” is a topic in the limelight these days in order to improve deteriorating relations between the two countries caused by the THAAD deployment issue. As a timely topic, the conference looked back on the relationship between China and Korea while engaging in intensive discussions on the future outlook and initiatives to tackle going forward. Dankook University’s professor Kim Cheolwoong (School of General Education) focused especially on Taoism among the religious influences Goryo received from Song and Yuan Dynasties to interpret the history of interactions between Korea and China. Meanwhile, Professor Lee Jaeryoung (College of Humanities) set forth projections and tasks for the future looking at recent academic achievements by reviewing how Sino-Korean relations are seen by researchers of Chinese history in Korea. Research professor Yang Jisun (Academy of Asian Studies) looked at Arirang and how Korean independence activists during the Japanese colonial rule used the arts as part of their independence movement in China. Meanwhile, Nankai University’s professor Zhao Ji (趙季) gave a presentation analyzing Chinese characters in the Chinese poems of Lee Kawon (李家原), attracting attention as it is unique for a Chinese scholar to interpret the work of a modern Korean scholar of Chinese literature.
“Alumni help fund the University Museum, embodying Dankook’s founding spirit” as DKU senior vice president Kim Byungryang for academic affairs donates 100m KRW Alumni sponsorships for the 70th anniversary memorial project that Dankook University is preparing to commemorate its 70th birthday are increasing. As the University Museum will serve as a venue for displaying the founding philosophy of Dankook and the past footsteps of Dankookites, a consensus is being formed that active support from alumni is essential. In particular, DKU senior vice president for academic affairs, Kim Byungryang, recently made a donation of 100 million KRW in addition to extending 10 million KRW last year to the construction fund. On February 24th, Kim explained his intent as he delivered the funding agreement to President Chang Hosung. Kim said that “I received scholarship benefits starting from when I entered the university until I graduated and was able to study abroad during my studies in my master’s and doctorate programs thanks to support from then university president Chang Choong-sik.” He went on to explain that “my children also benefited from such grants after entering the school, so I have always thought that I should give back for what we received. I’m happy to be able to contribute at least a little bit toward the debt of gratitude I owe through this opportunity.” The funding agreement was delivered to Dankook president Chang Hosung who said that “knowing vice president Kim does not have the luxury, it is overwhelming to be faced with his determination,” and promised that “(I) will do my utmost to ensure a worthwhile University Museum that can be welcomed by all of our alumni is built.” Senior vice president Kim said that “many alumni who studied at the Seoul campus feel a sense of loss because the campus is no longer there,” and shared his hope for “a stage to be added to the University Museum where people can experience and recall what it was like back at the Hannam-dong campus, as well as a convention hall that can be used for large academic conferences or a venue for alumni wedding ceremonies, so the hall can bring together fellow students to relive memories and reunite friendships.” Meanwhile, the University Museum will start construction in September of this year and is scheduled to be completed in December 2018. The 6-story building that covers a total 3,300㎡ in area will become home to a memorial hall, lounge, exhibition hall and Dankook Honorary Hall of Fame to host major events such as ceremonies for domestic and international cooperative agreements and symposiums. In order to celebrate alumni who extended support for the construction of the University Museum, the names of all donators, regardless of amount of donation, will be engraved on the new building.
Choi Byung-oh, Chairman of Fashion Group Hyungji, made a donation of 110 million KRW to the Dankook University development fund. Chairman Choi delivered the donation to DKU President Chang Ho-sung at the Dankook Alumni New Year Gathering that was held at six thirty in the evening on February 9th at the Sejong Center in Seoul. Chairman Choi’s relationship with DKU started when he completed the Advanced Financial Management Program of the College of Business and Economics. Inspired by how Dankook has strived to nurture talent for the advancement of society and the nation since its founding, Chairman Choi also previously donated 100 million KRW in 2008 and 200 million KRW in 2011. But Choi’s support for DKU did not stop there. At the ‘Dankook, Dream 2016’ event in September of last year, he said that he would “contribute 110 million KRW to the DKU development fund to support Dankook’s determination and vision to advance as a global university as the university prepares to commemorate its 70th anniversary.” And on February 9th, he kept his word. After delivering the development fund donation, Choi said that “my connection with DKU started off small, but I have been indebted by its kindness. My wish was to be able to support DKU whenever I had the chance and I am extremely pleased to be able to deliver the development fund donation as the university celebrates its 70th anniversary,” and added that he “has no doubt that if DKU continues to strive forward as it has done for the past seventy years, it will continue to shine in the area of talent development and education research just as it does now.” Chairman Choi of Fashion Group Hyungji is a self-made entrepreneur who started his work as a small business owner in Dongdaemun Market 35 years ago and grew the business to a fashion powerhouse that carries a total of 20 brands including Crocodile Ladies, Yezac and Wild Rose, just to name a few. Holding his business skills and sense of service in high regard, Dankook University presented Chairman Choi with an honorary doctoral degree in business administration in 2011.